Rede Record de Televisão also known simply as Record, is a Brazilian television network, founded in 1953 by Paulo Machado de Carvalho, also founder of Rádio Record. Currently it is owned by Brazilian businessman Edir Macedo, who is also founder and bishop of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.Since 2007 it is the second-most popular television network in Brazil, after having been in last place of the television networks since the 1980s. With continuous years of transmission, it is also the oldest TV network in the country.Since 2010 the Rede Record is the world's fifth largest television channel in revenue, second only to the American Broadcasting Company, Rede Globo, CBS and NBC.History1950s: BeginningsTV Record started its transmissions on September 27, 1953. It was founded by Paulo Machado de Carvalho in São Paulo, as a competitor for then-dominant Rede Tupi from Diários Associados. It broke the three-year-old monopoly the station had in the city. It originally broadcast shows, sports, journalism, comedies and plays. In the 1950s, TV Record became recognized for their sports broadcasts. In 1959, it started airing shows featuring international entertainment figures, such as Charles Aznavour, Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, and Marlene Dietrich.