The Network, whose complete name is Movement for Democracy – The Network, was a political party in Italy led by Leoluca Orlando.HistoryFormed by Orlando on 24 January 1991 whilst mayor of Palermo the group sought to reinvigorate the moral traditions of Italian democracy. The party was Catholic-inspired, anti-Mafia and anti-corruption. The Network proposed an end of parliamentary immunity, greater judicial powers to tackle Mafia, and a smaller parliament with fewer law-makers. Describing itself as a movement rather than a party, The Network aimed to be a loose 'civic movement' without formal memberships or rigid party structure.Orlando was initially attached to Christian Democracy, later breaking with this party in 1991 due to its relations to the Mafia. The party succeeded in gaining elected office in Sicily, including holding on to the mayorship of Palermo in 1993. It participated in the Alliance of Progressives, which included the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democratic Alliance, the Federation of the Greens, the Communist Refoundation Party, the Italian Socialist Party and the Social Christians, that unsuccessfully contested the 1994 general election against the House of Freedoms coalition of Silvio Berlusconi.