The Kroger Company is an American retailer founded by Bernard Kroger in 1883 in Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the country's largest supermarket chain by revenue ($103,033,000,000 for 2014), second-largest general retailer (behind Walmart), and twenty-third largest company. Kroger is also the fifth largest retailer in the world., Kroger operates, either directly or through its subsidiaries, 2,620 supermarkets and multi-department stores. Kroger's headquarters are in downtown Cincinnati. It maintains markets in 34 states, with store formats that include supermarkets, superstores, department stores, 786 convenience stores, and 326 jewelry stores. Kroger-branded grocery stores are located throughout the Midwestern and Southern United States. Kroger operates 37 food processing or manufacturing facilities, 1,360 supermarket fuel centers and 2,122 pharmacies.Kroger's employees are mostly represented by collective bargaining agreements (union employees). Seventy-five percent of Kroger employees are represented by the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) union.HistoryBeginningIn 1883, Bernard 'Barney' Kroger invested his life savings of $372 to open a grocery store at 66 Pearl Street in downtown Cincinnati. Pearl Street formerly existed between 2nd Street and 3rd Street. The location is now approximately where I-71 passes the Great American Ballpark.